Tooth filling is a dental procedure that involves the placement of a material into a prepared cavity in a tooth, in order to restore its function, shape, and appearance. The purpose of a filling is to repair a tooth that has been damaged by decay, injury, or wear and tear.
Benefits of tooth filling:
- Pain relief from cavities or tooth decay
- Protection of the remaining healthy tooth structure
- Prevention of further decay or infection
- Restoration of chewing function
- Enhancement of smile appearance
Tooth filling is typically performed by a dentist or a dental professional. They first numb the area around the tooth with a local anesthetic. Then, they remove the decayed or damaged portion of the tooth using a drill or laser. The cavity is then thoroughly cleaned and prepared for filling. The material used for the filling is placed into the cavity and shaped to fit the tooth. Finally, the filling is hardened or set using a special light or chemical process.
There are several types of materials used for tooth fillings, including amalgam (silver), composite resin (tooth-colored), gold, porcelain, and glass ionomer. The type of filling used will depend on various factors such as the location of the cavity, the size and shape of the cavity, and the patient's preference.